HYDROMARS participates with leading Institutes and Multinationals in several European research programs to separate different types of wastewaters into absolutely pure water
The technology used by HYDROMARS significantly simplifies the water purification process with the simultaneous improvement in water purity levels. While other proposed space systems use 12 steps or more, in the HYDROMARS’s system, water is reconstituted in three basic steps (1) Separation of ultra-pure water from the waste streams; (2) Evaporation of volatile contaminants before or after the separation process; (3) Separation of water from the brine/sludge by evaporation or crystallization.
Since closing the water loop is critical, the robustness of the system is very important. The HYDROMARS’s system is characterized by a technical soundness TRL 6 (proven in industrial environment), low demand for electricity, no demand for chemicals, no demand for filter change, low running costs, reduced mass and volume as well as robustness of the whole system. Most spare parts of the system can be printed by 3D printers on the spaceship and Operations and Maintenance (O&M) are uncomplicated. Because of the few processing steps, very little hardware is needed. This enables low weight and size of HYDROMARS. The end result is absolutely pure water and the contaminants turned into gas or solids.
The recycling system used by HYDROMARS will greatly reduce the water required to produce clean water and enable reuse of often toxic contaminants from wastewater. This will made it a disruptive game-changer both in Space and on Earth.
Present Status: The technology used has been proven to remove all contaminants from water and make highest grade Ultrapure Water (See www.type1water.com). The work now focuses on designing the system for use in zero gravity and for recovering of waste materials from the wastewater concentrate.
|Type of contamination||Amount||Method||Detection limit||Test by||Result|
|Bacteria||14 000 (after 7 days)||Membrane filter count||–||National Bacteriologic Laboratory, Stockholm||BDL|
|Chlorine||3.4 mg/l||Photometric analysis (Perkin Elmer)||< 0.01 mg/l||Water Protection Association of South West Finland||BDL|
|Salt water||31 000 ppm||Ion chromatography||< 1 ppm||VBB Viak Stockholm||BDL|
|Trihalomethanes||1 000 μg/l||Gas chromatography||< 1μg/l||University of Turku, Finland||BDL|
|Radon||380 Bq/l||Alfa detection||< 4 Bq/l||Swedish Radiation Protection Institute||BDL|
|Cesium, Strontium, Plutonium, Radium||2.4 Bq||Lithium Drifted Germanium Detector||< 0.1 Bq||Radiation Physics Department, University of Lund||BDL|
|Arsenic +3||10 mg/l||AAS Graphite||< 0.003 mg/l||Analytica AB, Stockholm||BDL|
|Arsenic +5||10 mg/l||AAS Graphite||< 0.003 mg/l||Analytica AB, Stockholm||BDL|
|Ag nanoparticles||3100 μg/l||HPLC||< 2 μg/l||IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute||BDL|
|SiO2||10 000 μg/l||AAS||< 5 μg/l||Vattenfall AB, Stockholm||BDL|
|Setralin and 20 other pharmaceutical residuals||4 ng/l||HPLC||< 0.8 ng/l||IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute||BDL|